Environment

The 6-foot-9, pound Johnson has no doubt it was Bigfoot, or Sasquatch, the at-least foot-tall, primate-like, hairy creature legendary in the Pacific Northwest and considered a myth by most. The Grants Pass psychologist told his tale on television and in the papers across the country, even internationally. He created the Southern Oregon Bigfoot Society so people could join together to chase the beast. Johnson still gets emotional talking about his encounter. He is also part owner of Kentucky Bigfoot, along with Charlie Raymond. Com has published an article he wrote about a Cherokee man he visited while researching his book, in Bigfoot and the Cherokee Hill. The article was previously published at Kentucky Bigfoot Sightings Reports along with lots of pictures.

One more step

Focusing on ancient population genomics research search this blog Thursday, November 21, First genome of an Upper Paleolithic human A new paper at Nature reports on the genome of a 24, year-old Siberian known as Mal’ta boy or MA The origins of the First Americans remain contentious. Although Native Americans seem to be genetically most closely related to east Asians1, 2, 3, there is no consensus with regard to which specific Old World populations they are closest to 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.

But, when looking at the map, I noticed that “Northwestern Europe” significantly overlaps with western Germany. Perhaps my dad’s family originally came from that part of Germany, but that DNA now registers as part of the England group.

View images by clicking on link or reduced image: Each image opens into a new window. These primitive, medium sized apes lived in rain forests between 18 and 22 million years ago. This species and others such as Dryopithecus existed before the hominid line diverged on the path to humans. This lineage ancestral gibbons is believed to have diverged from the great ape and human lineages between 17 and 25 Mya Avers, Oreopithecus ‘s hand closely matches the pattern of early hominids, with a grasping capability including firm pad-to-pad precision gripping that apes are unable to perform presumably as a response to similar functional demands to hominids Moya-Sola et al, Bipedal activities made up a significant part of the positional behavior of this primate Kohler and Moya-Sola, Gorilla and human DNA only differs by 2.

Our DNA differs by only 1. The two species of Pan, the chimpanzee, P. The human ancestral line must have arisen between 5 and 8 million years ago. However, with the many species to be found, the exact sequence of species leading to humanity, has not yet been established. Morphological differences, such as in the pelvis, supports making Neanderthals a separate species, Homo neanderthalensis.

The oldest known human fossil, Omo I, is at least , years old.

Britons still live in Anglo-Saxon tribal kingdoms, Oxford University finds

Dating refers to the archaeological tool to date artefacts and sites, and to properly construct history. All methods can be classified into two basic categories: Based on a discipline of geology called stratigraphy, rock layers are used to decipher the sequence of historical geological events. Relative techniques can determine the sequence of events but not the precise date of an event, making these methods unreliable.

These methods are based on calculating the date of artefacts in a more precise way using different attributes of materials. This method includes carbon dating and thermoluminescence.

The map above shows what the borders of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa might look like if they were based on the dominant Y-DNA haplogroup rather than .

Messenger The European shale gas boom has not materialised in the way that some were predicting. We are a far cry from the situation a few years ago, where interest in fracking in Europe was gathering pace on the back of the successes in North America. The UK appeared to be leading the way, with drilling activities in north-west and south-east England.

Companies started snapping up exploration licences right across the continent, and prospects from Scandinavia to the Urals found themselves being eagerly appraised. Western Europe Of the countries in mainland western Europe, France has the most potential for unconventional hydrocarbons. The shales of the Paris Basin are thought to have major shale gas and minor shale oil potential, while the Jurassic shales in the south-east of the country may also have some shale gas potential.

But a fracking moratorium has been in place since , and was upheld in For the present, therefore, France ne frac pas. Germany, like France, has not permitted fracking since But unlike France, it does not have huge quantities of prospective shale. Most of the potential interest in fracking is for gas from low permeability sandstones and coal beds, and there have been moves recently to permit fracking at depths of more than 3, metres. The only other mainland western European country with significant shale gas potential is the Netherlands.

There is considerable public opposition , however, particularly with conventional gas extraction having been linked to subsidence and induced seismicity in the Groningen area.

Palaeolithic

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While Swedes tend to be haplogroup I (indigenous to Western Europe dating to the late Pleistocene) or one of the two R1 lineages (intrusive from the Eurasian steppe during the Bronze Age), Finns tend to be haplogroup N3, with a substantial minority of I.

If you have German or Austrian grandparents, for example, you might have been expecting to find German or Austria as an ethnicity percentage. There are two main reasons for this: Ancestry DNA is currently working on an update that will provide more specific regions for those of us with Western Europe ancestry, but there is no official word as to when the update will be ready. Some people have found their results have been updated as part of a beta test for the new and improved ethnicity results.

I personally am very excited about being able to break down some of these broad European categories, like Europe West, into more specific regions. How genetically diverse is the geographic area of Western Europe? For the better part of history, there have always been people moving in, out, and through, Western Europe, as well as invasions, occupations, and trade. All of these very human activities have a profound effect on genetic diversity. Celtic peoples and Germanic tribes About 2, years ago the main cultural group in Western Europe was the Celts , which surprises a lot of people, since the Celtic peoples are traditionally associated with Ireland and Scotland.

Western European Ethnicity

Using that book made it a lot easier for me to find their European home. And, as you can see, Europe of looked far different than the Europe we know today. Click the map to enlarge. The tiny dark green patch to the right of France is the Swiss Confederation. The Schorr family lived in Muttenz in the canton of Basel.

Genealogical DNA test – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia – image shows y-DNA haplogroup distribution in Europe Find this Pin and more on Maps and the like by Hegarty Studios. Haplogroup or haplogroup is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup which is distributed in a large region in Eurasia, extending from Scandinavia and Central Europe to southern Siberia and South.

Maybe the most interesting of all. My first thought after reading your comment was: S2 illustrates the same graph by official regions such as Piedmont, Veneto, etc. And what do we see? Would it be only Liguria, we could think of Genoese mariner and trade relations maybe but Piedmont? I can find no better explanation than an ancient Ligurian link. Austosomal analysis also give them strong Iberian component.

And Corsican does seem to retain a few pre-Indo-European words in its lexicon. Corsicans are one of the number one populations whose overall autosomal genetic results I have been looking forward to seeing for years for the same reasons, but somehow no population geneticist seems to be interested in them, at least not as much as you and me. But, it does suggest to me that it may be that in the Copper Age the western Mediterranean was dominated by a Sardinian-like population, which later was displaced and assimilated by newcomers.

How Asian nomadic herders built new Bronze Age cultures

By Eryn Brown Jul 21, 1: The child’s DNA was used as a basis for comparison in two new genetics studies released on Tuesday. Both groups looked at ancient and modern DNA to attempt to learn more about the movements of populations from Asia into the New World, and about how groups mixed once they got here.

My DNA results gave me 46% Europe West, and only 2% British! I understand the diversity of the Britons, but that result would mean that my mom is over 90% Europe West, when the average percentage of a Briton would be much lower- I believe in the 30% range.

Problems with Y chromosome evidence offered for multiple exits: Furthermore, the view of the relicts of earlier exit populations deriving solely from the exit s of sub-clades D and C was contradicted by pre-existing phylogeographic evidence [ 50 ], which has been confirmed since then [ 11 , 22 ] using DNA obtained from the same so-called relict groups in the Antipodes who possessed ample regionally unique lineages derived from the third Y branch F.

Additionally, the claimed, close distributional correspondence of mtDNA haplogroup M with Y sub-clades D and C [ 14 ] was undermined by a similar widespread correspondence with the second mtDNA haplogroup N in the same places, including the Antipodes. As will be discussed below, this author, and others, argued logically, both from mtDNA and Y chromosome evidence, for a single definitive exit, probably by the southern route [ 11 ]: Subsequently, Underhill [ 22 ] has implicitly acknowledged these counter-arguments to multiple exits by co-workers in a more recent, combined Y and mtDNA paper.

However, there is still a remaining problem of fully reconciling the Y chromosome evidence with that from mtDNA. The problem is found in one of the three Y branches, represented among non-Africans: This has a disjunct geographical distribution, with the D sub-clade, represented at low levels only in South and southeast Asia and in Japan, while E is represented, on the one hand, locally throughout the Middle East and Europe as a sub-clade E-M35 [ 51 ], when on the other hand, the remaining uniquely African E sub-clades make E the commonest Y clade in Africa [ 50 ].

Furthermore, while the distribution of D marks it as uniquely East Asian, and one of the original single exit clades, its fraternal sub-clade outside Africa E-M35 has been argued to have left Africa much later, around or since the Last Glacial Maximum and probably not by the southern route [ 15 , 52 , 53 ], potentially partially falsifying the single exit hypothesis. These observations seem to mean that, unlike the mtDNA exit, which is defined by a single branch L3, splitting outside Africa into M and N see below , up to three Y branches C, D and F , albeit very closely related, could have split before the initial exit from Africa, rather than after.

The unity of C and F at exit incidentally also further renders Underhill’s original model, with an earlier exit of C and D before F, impossible and reconciles the finding of C and F together in the Antipodes. There is yet a further twist to this story that could result in going full circle back to a model first proposed by Hammer et al.

Enrichment As A Service

Rebecca Volpetti is an Italian, all-natural, petite, brunette, sex toy that is born to do one thing and one thing only: FUCK anyone and anything in her path. She comes dressed for the occasion wearing only a thin white knitted mini skirt that allows anyone to see her tiny panties and bra.

For example, per cent of the DNA of the average London resident hails from Italy and Greece (Southern Europe), while residents of the North-West of England only have per cent Southern.

Once we overcome shyness or modesty, however, we almost all enjoy reminiscing. As the years advance, a “life review” is particularly rewarding, but at any age it can be a great pleasure and an amazing source of insights. If you’re one of the younger members of your family, take my word for it: You may not be eager to hear family stories now, but eventually you will. Having those voices on tape, having the stories behind those photographs preserved, is a far more meaningful legacy in the long term than most other physical legacies.

And in the short term the material can enliven a special occasion, such as a major anniversary, birthday, or memorial service. Indeed, one way to improve the care an elderly patient receives in a hospital or nursing home is to write a brief history of their life and tape it to the door, making them a person with a story and not just another old patient.

Discover Your European Ancestors’ World

But the new chapbook is affordable, quick to read and no less groundbreaking and authentic in its research. Panther-Yates Cherokee Chapbooks 7; Phoenix: The historians repeat one another. A DNA test run on a rare specimen of his in bore this out. Growing up in Memphis, Elvis went to summer camp through the Jewish community center. When his mother died, he took care to have her grave marked with a Star of David since removed.

We tend to think of Western Europe as the entire continent of Europe from Germany to the UK, but in reality there is a difference between political and geographic definition of Western Europe and the DNA .

From left to right: Uncalibrated radiocarbon ages and locations; depths below datum; images of core 4A to scale; stratum designations as discussed in text; Bayesian age model of radiocarbon ages from OxCal version 4. Terrestrial diatoms, microscopic evidence of woody roots and earthworm activity, and the occasional mastodon track and discrete dung boluses show that the pond margin dried for short periods of time and was subaerially exposed, allowing animals and humans to enter the sinkhole section S2.

Pre-Clovis artifacts were recovered from Units 4a and 4b. Diatoms and micromorphological studies show that these sediments were deposited in a seasonally fluctuating pond with periodic desiccation along the pond margins. The absence of freshwater diatoms, extensive pollen degradation, anomalous decrease in the concentration of iron-bearing magnetic minerals, and evidence of human occupation within the sinkhole indicate that this was an arid period section S2.

Diatoms indicate fully aquatic conditions with only rare evidence of desiccation section S2. The entire late Quaternary sediment package contains minimal postdepositional disturbance based on magnetic and micromorphological studies and radiocarbon ages sections S2. Unit 3c was deposited during a short period of unchanged sea level.

The correlation between sea level rise and deposition at Page-Ladson suggests a hydrologic connection between the site and the ocean through the karstic system 19 , 20 , with the aquifer response to sea level dictating the tempo of deposition in the sinkhole. Our magnetic studies section S2. Archaeology and extinctions We recovered six unequivocal stone artifacts, all made of local coastal plain chert, within Units 3 and 4 Fig.

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Genetic genealogy on the other hand combines DNA testing with genealogical and historical records, and typically makes use of large databases to identify matches, or direct comparisons to test for expected matches. There is some overlap between the two, but genetic genealogy is generally more reliable because of its use of additional information: There are three main types of genetic ancestry test: Only males carry a Y-chromosome, but a female can learn about her father line, for example, through her father or brother.

Within core Slavic countries like Western Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Poland, the remainder of the Y-DNA is mostly Uralic, Germanic, Iranian (Scythian) with .

I2a1b which may well be all them is currently found often in large frequencies in the Balcans and Eastern Europe with some presence also in the eastern areas of Central Europe. I2a1 probably I2a1a but not tested for the relevant SNPs was also found, together with G2a, in a Chalcolithic population of the Treilles group Languedoc and seems to be somehow associated to Cardium Pottery Neolithic. Autosomal DNA and derived speculations Most of the study incl.

To begin with, they generated a PCA plot of West Eurasians with way too many pointless Bedouins and Jews, it must be said and projected the ancient Europeans, as well as a whole bunch of Circum-Pacific peoples on it: The result is a bit weird because, as you can see, the East Asians, Native Americans and Melanesians appear to fall way too close to the peoples of the Caucasus and Anatolia. This seems to be a distorting effect of the “projection” method, which forces the projected samples to align relative to a set of already defined parameters, in this case the West Eurasian modern PCA.

So the projection basically formulates the question: And then answers it as follows:

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