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The great Rishis of the Vedic age composed the hymns, fought their wars, and ploughed their fields; but they were neither Brahmins, nor Kshatriyas nor Vaisyas. The banks of the distant Ganga and Jumna are rarely alluded to; the scenes of war and social ceremonies are the banks of the Saraswati and her tributaries. This was the Hindu world when the hymns were composed. India’s first spiritual and cultural ambassador to the West, came to represent the religions of India at the World Parliament of Religions, held at Chicago has said: They hold that the Vedas are without beginning and without end. It may sound ludicrous, that a book can be without beginning or end. But by the Vedas no books are meant.

The Ramayana & the Mahabharata

Dating the Ramayana With Valmiki’s Clues – By Saurabh Kwatra Placing the Ramayana in the historical context is yet an unfinished task, as witnessed by endless debates among archaeologists, historians and literary pundits. The present analysis is a modest attempt to use astronomy, astrology and the science of time together in elevating the status of Ramayana from an epic to a chronological reality.

Astonishingly, the ancient Indians had an accurate method of time easurement.

scientific dating of ramayana and mahabharata. The two great ancient epics of india, ramayana and mahabharata c bc are centered on conflicts scientific dating of ramayana and mahabharata and refer to military formations, theories of warfare and esoteric the principal works and stories that are a part of the mahabharata are the bhagavad gita, the story of.

Download ePub High above the sky stands Swarga, paradise, abode of the gods. Still above is Vaikuntha, heaven, abode of God. The doorkeepers of Vaikuntha are the twins, Jaya and Vijaya, both whose names mean ‘victory’. One keeps you in Swarga; the other raises you into Vaikuntha. In Vaikuntha there is bliss forever, in Swarga there is pleasure for only as long as you deserve.

What is the difference between Jaya and Vijaya? Solve this puzzle and you will solve the mystery of the Mahabharata. In this enthralling retelling of India’s greatest epic, the Mahabharata originally known as Jaya, Devdutt Pattanaik seamlessly weaves into a single narrative plots from the Sanskrit classic as well as its many folk and regional variants, including the Pandavani of Chhattisgarh, Gondhal of Maharashtra, Terukkuttu of Tamil Nadu and Yakshagana of Karnataka.

Richly illustrated with over line drawings by the author, the chapters abound with little-known details such as the names of the hundred Kauravas, the worship of Draupadi as a goddess in Tamil Nadu, the stories of Astika, Madhavi, Jaimini, Aravan and Barbareek, the Mahabharata version of the Shakuntalam and the Ramayana, and the dating of the war based on astronomical data.

With clarity and simplicity, the tales in this elegant volume reveal the eternal relevance of the Mahabharata, the complex and disturbing meditation on the human condition that has shaped Indian thought for over years.

The Mahabharata: Unforgettable Lessons in An Indian Epic of Family Fighting

India is a country of temples without equal but there is a certain irony in that one of the largest and most dramatic monuments to Hinduism rests not in India but thousands of miles away from the subcontinent amid the ruins of a metropolis hidden in the jungles of Cambodia formerly known as Kamboja. To know and understand India one has to travel far in time and space, to forget for a while her present condition, and to have glimpses of what she was and what she did.

Henri Mouhot a French naturalist and explorer, who had gone to South-east Asia in the late ‘s and succumbed to fever there in Mesmerized by what he saw at the temple of Angkor Vat, Mouhot in lyrical descriptions said: One looks, one admires, and, seized with respect, one is silent.

The Mahabharata is the worlds greatest epic and longest poem. Composed of , sanskrit couplets, it is seven times the length of the Iliad and Odyssey combined, or three times the length of .

A treatise on cosmogony, a code of universal ethics [5] Conclusion Rishi Vyasa concludes: Do not give away the eternal for the temporal values of life. Magha Bright half 1st day. It is said that he was older than Yudhisthira by 16 years. Just one year after Yudhisthira was born. That was just years. Bhima was born on Agnirasa Ashwin dark 9th day in Magha Star, after midday. He was younger than Yudhishtira by 1 year and 19 days.

Younger than Bhima by yr. Younger than Arjuna by yr. Just one day after Bhima’s birth. From that day onwards everyday the rest 99 Kauravas and their sister were born.

Descendants of Lord Rama in the War of Mahabharata

According to Uttara Kanda, Lanka was originally built by the divine architect Vishwakarma for the gods, but was seized by the brothers, Malyavan, Sumali and Mali. The brothers ruled for years and invaded the heavens. After suffering a humiliating and disastrous defeat at the hands of Lord Vishnu, the brothers were too ashamed to return to Lanka. Kubera seized control of Lanka and established the Yaksha Kingdom and his capital was guarded by rakshasas. His half-brother Ravana, son of the sage Vishravaya and Sumali’s daughter, fought with Kubera and took Lanka from him.

Ravana ruled Lanka as king of the Rakshasa Kingdom.

The marine archeological findings at Poompuhar (Tamil Nadu) by marine archeological research conducted by the National Institute of Marine Archeology (Goa) reveals that much of the town of Poompugar (Tamil Nadu) was washed away by progressive erosion and a Tsunami around BC.; Ancient Pottery dating back to the 4th century BC have been discovered off shore by marine .

The Mysterious India on Kumari Kandam is the legendary sunken continent, according to many of the ancient extant Tamil literatures and some of the Sanskrit literatures. Located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans but now sunken, this sunked continent is believed to be the connections between Africa to South India, through Madagascar. These rivers are said to have flowed in a now-submerged land. This land was divided into 49 territories, which he names as Seven coconut territories elutenga natu , Seven Madurai territories elumaturai natu , Seven old sandy territories elumunpalai natu , Seven new sandy territories elupinpalai natu , Seven mountain territories elukunra natu , Seven eastern coastal territories elukunakarai natu and Seven dwarf-palm territories elukurumpanai natu.

All these lands, he says, together with the many-mountained land that began with KumariKollam, with forests and habitations, were submerged by the sea. According to th Kumari Kandam tradition, over a period of about just 11, years, the Pandyans, a historical dynasty of Tamil kings, formed three Tamil Sangams, in order to foster among their subjects the love of knowledge, literature and poetry.

These Sangams were the fountain head of Tamil culture and their principal concern was the perfection of the Tamil language and literature. The first two Sangams were not located in what is now South India but in antediluvian Tamil land to the south which in ancient times bore the name of Kumari Kandam, literally the Land of the Virgin or Virgin Continent.

Mythology : Scientific evidences for Mahabharata & Ramayana

The history of the Bharata race is told in detail and the parva also traces history of the Bhrigu race. The birth and early life of the Kuru princes. Life at the court, Yudhishthira’s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, and the eventual exile of the Pandavas.

The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of India, the other being the Mahabharata.[2] It depicts the duties of relationships, portraying ideal characters like the ideal father, ideal servant, the ideal brother, the ideal wife and the ideal king.

By Sunaina Kumar “Would you like to see how the sky looked at the beginning of the war? The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it.

This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement– as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department–extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata. By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years.

He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place.

What are the Scientific and Historical evidences of Mahabharata and Ramayana?

Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity:

Oct 05,  · Richly illustrated with over line drawings by the author, the chapters abound with little-known details such as the names of the hundred Kauravas, the worship of Draupadi as a goddess in Tamil Nadu, the stories of Astika, Madhavi, Jaimini, Aravan and Barbareek, the Mahabharata version of the Shakuntalam and the Ramayana, and the dating.

History decoded , Top-Notch Nuclear war already occurred on Earth in remote times, and these Sanskrit epics and desert minerals are here to prove it. While presenting a lecture at Rochester University, Dr. In modern times of course. Although Oppenheimer never referred to himself as a Hindu, nor abode to Hinduism, he gave much praise to their sacred texts, particularly to the Ramayana and Mahabharata. He quoted a very powerful verse from the Hindu scripture right after he saw the yellowish-orange mushroom cloud rise from the detonation of the atomic bomb at the Trinity site in Los Alamos, New Mexico: Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.

The Hindu Vedas stand testimony to such achievements, and depict how atomic weapons were blown off in remote times causing tremendous havoc and destruction. Gurkha, flying a swift and powerful vimana hurtled a single projectile charged with the power of the Universe.

Mahabharata

In one context as found in Arthavaveda, states Monier Monier-Williams , it means “dark, dark-colored, black” and is related to the term ratri which means night. In another context as found in other Vedic texts, the word means “pleasing, delightful, charming, beautiful, lovely”. A third individual named Rama Jamadagnya is the purported author of hymn He is linked to the Rama Jamadagnya of the Rigveda fame.

Feb 07,  · I think dating has put the Mahabharatha at around BCE. Ramayana goes back in Treta yug and Mahabharata happened something at the end of dwapar or start of Kaliyug period. The concept of fixed dates for all 4 yugas is a puranic concept. I find the mahabharatha/ramayana concept on yugas more believable. When Sahadeva of.

Balakanda The birth of the four sons of Dasharatha Dasharatha was the king of Ayodhya. He had three queens: Kausalya, Kaikeyi and Sumitra. He was childless for a long time and, anxious to produce an heir, he performs a fire sacrifice known as Putra-Kameshti Yagya. When Rama is 16 years old, the sage Vishwamitra comes to the court of Dasharatha in search of help against demons, who were disturbing sacrificial rites.

He chooses Rama, who is followed by Lakshmana, his constant companion throughout the story. Rama and Lakshmana receive instructions and supernatural weapons from Vishwamitra, and proceed to destroy the demons. One day, a female child was found in the field by the king in the deep furrow dug by his plough. Overwhelmed with joy, the king regarded the child as a “miraculous gift of God”.

The child was named Sita, the Sanskrit word for furrow. When Sita was of marriageable age, the king decided to have a swayamvara which included a contest. The king was in possession of an immensely heavy bow, presented to him by the God Shiva: The sage Vishwamitra attends the swayamvara with Rama and Lakshmana.

Map of India during Ramayana and Mahabharata

Mahabharata is written by Vyasa. The Mahabharata is the longest epic poem known and has been described as “the longest poem ever written”. Ramayana Ramayana originally titled as Kaavyam Ramayanam Kritsnam Sitaayaas Charitham Mahat is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.

Along with the Mahabharata, Ramayana forms the Sanskrit Itihasa. The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Hindu sage Valmiki, narrates the life of Rama, the legendary prince of the Kosala Kingdom.

Scientific dating of the Ramayana. In the late s divers of the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, led by leading archaeologist S.R. Rao discovered Krishna’s sunken capital Dwarka, precisely at the place in Gujarat where Krishna mentioned it was located.

His work led to validation of BCE as the year of Mahabharata War while falsifying more than alternate claims. The book was nominated for the Lakatos award; the award is given annually by London School of Economics for a contribution to the philosophy of science. He writes extensively on ancient Indian history at his blog at https: Nilesh researches in astronomy, archeology, anthropology, quantum mechanics, economics, naturopathy, ancient narratives and philosophy.

We spoke to Nilesh Oak about his research, body of work and his run-ins with authority. How and when did you start studying and writing about ancient Indian texts and dates? I grew up hearing extreme claims about ancient Indian texts; either they had explained everything or they were full of exaggerations and had nothing to do with reality.

Out of curiosity, I picked up the thickest of all volumes and started reading it. It was the Bhishma parva of Mahabharata. The year was

Dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata